Frequently Asked Questions

It is a process by which a candidate presents evidence to prove that there were mistakes, anomalies and outright cheating in the conduct of the elections.

It depends on the position your are contesting:

  • For President and Vice President
    • It is the Supreme Court, sitting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET)
  • For Senators
    • It is the Senate Electoral Tribunal (SET), composed of 9 members [6 Senators and 3 Supreme Court Justices]
  • For Congressmen
    • It is the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal (HRET), composed of 9 members [6 Congressmen and 3 Supreme Court Justices]
  • For Provincial and City Officials
    • It is the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) en banc
  • For Municipal Officials
    • It is the Regional Trial Court (RTC) located in the area where the candidate ran

No, it is actually the 5th time.
The other election protests filed before the PET were:

• PET Case No. 001: For President
Miriam Defensor-Santiago vs. Fidel Valdez Ramos
On 20 July 1992, Miriam Defensor-Santiago filed an election protest against Fidel Valdez Ramos. The case was dismissed on 13 February 1996 because protestant [Defensor-Santiago] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines on June 1995. Hence, the protest became moot and academic.
Duration of protest: 3 years, 6 months and 24 days

• PET Case No. 002: For President
Ronald Allan Poe vs. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
On 23 July 2004, Ronald Allan Poe filed an election protest against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The case was dismissed on 29 March 2005 because no real party-in-interest intervened and/or substituted protestant [Allan Poe aka Fernando Poe, Jr.] when he passed away in December 2004.
Duration of protest: 8 months and 6 days

• PET Case No. 003: for Vice President
Loren B. Legarda vs. Noli L. De Castro
On 23 July 2004, Loren B. Legarda filed an election protest against Noli L. De Castro. The case was dismissed on 18 January 2008 because protestant [Legarda] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines in June 2007. Hence, the protest became moot and academic.
Duration of protest: 3 years, 5 months and 24 days

• PET Case No. 004: For Vice President
Manuel A. Roxas vs. Jejomar C. Binay
On 9 July 2010, Manuel A. Roxas filed an election protest against Jejomar C. Binay. The case was dismissed on 16 August 16 2016 on the ground of mootness in view of the results of the May 2016 National and Local elections. The PET also stated “neither party expressed their interest to pursue the case despite being directed to do so.”
Duration of protest: 6 years and 7days

• For Case No. 005: For Vice President
Ferdinand “Bongbong” R. Marcos, Jr. vs. Maria Leonor “Leni Daang Matuwid” G. Robredo.
On 29 June 2016, BBM filed his election protest against Leni Robredo.
Duration of protest: ongoing

To keep the Filipino electorate informed of the issues and latest development surrounding BBM’s election protest.

Under the PET Rules, there are essentially 21 steps or “undertakings” involved. The timeline of these 21 undertakings has been included in this Protest Watch so that the Filipino voters will know where we are at the moment and what needs to be done before BBM’s protest can be resolved.

In order to keep the public updated and informed, we have provided Weekly Updates, which are posted every Sunday. However, should there be any significant developments, the same will be posted immediately.

At present, we have 2 grounds/causes of action:

  • Judicial recount in 22 provinces and 5 highly urbanized cities (Totalling 36, 465 clustered precincts)
  • Annulment of votes for the position of Vice President in the provinces of Basilan, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao

Click here to see Anomalies

The first ground, which was the Tampering of the Automated Election System (AES) was dismissed by the PET on the ground of “judicial economy and for the prompt disposition of this case.”

Click here to see the 29 August 2017 Resolution from the PET

  • 22 provinces:
    • Albay
    • Batangas
    • Bohol
    • Bukidnon
    • Camarines Sur
    • Cebu Province
    • Iloilo Province
    • Isabela
    • Leyte
    • Masbate
    • Misamis Occidental
    • Misamis Oriental
    • Negros Occidental
    • Negros Orienta
    • 2nd District of Northern Samar
    • Palawan
    • Pangasinan
    • Quezon Province
    • Western Samar
    • Zamboanga Del Norte
    • Zamboanga Del Sur
    • Zamboanga Sibugay
  • 5 highly urbanized cities:
    • Bacolod City
    • Cebu City
    • Iloilo City
    • Lapu-Lapu City
    • Zamboanga City

No one can say. It is really up to the PET because they determine the pace at which the protest will proceed. We will continue to immediately comply with all the requirements of the PET to hasten the outcome of the election protest.

We have high hopes that the Tribunal will resolve this protest at the soonest possible time, for the Filipino people have the right to know who the duly elected Vice President of the Philippines really is.