1. WHAT IS AN ELECTION PROTEST?
It is a process by which a candidate presents evidence to prove that there were mistakes, anomalies and outright cheating in the conduct of elections. The deciding body will then issue a ruling for or against the protesting candidate.
2. WHO DECIDES AN ELECTION PROTEST?
It depends on the position you are contesting.
• For President and Vice President
❖ it is the Supreme Court, sitting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET)
• For Senators
❖ it is the Senate Electoral Tribunal (SET), composed of 9 members [6 Senators and 3 Supreme Court Justices]
• For Congressmen
❖ it is the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal (HRET), composed of 9 members [6 Congressmen and 3 Supreme Court Justices]
• For Provincial and City Officials
❖ it is the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) en banc
• For Municipal Officials
❖ it is the Regional Trial Court (RTC) located in the area where the candidate ran
3. IS THIS THE FIRST TIME THAT AN ELECTION PROTEST WAS FILED WITH THE PET?
No, it is actually the 5th time.
The other election protests filed before the PET were:
• PET Case No. 001 : for President
Miriam Defensor-Santiago vs. Fidel Valdez Ramos
On 20 July 1992, Miriam Defensor-Santiago filed an election protest against Fidel Valdez Ramos. The case was dismissed on 13 February 13 1996 because protestant [Defensor-Santiago] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines in June 1995. Hence, the protest became moot and academic.
Duration of protest: 3 years, 6 months and 24 days
• PET Case No. 002 : for President
Ronald Allan Poe vs. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
On 23 July 2004, Ronald Allan Poe filed an election protest against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The case was dismissed on 29 March 2005 because no real party-in-interest intervened and/or substituted protestant [Allan Poe aka Fernando Poe, Jr.] when he passed away in December 2004.
Duration of protest: 8 months and 6 days
• PET Case No. 003: for Vice President
Loren B. Legarda vs. Noli L. De Castro
On 23 July 2004, Loren B. Legarda filed an election protest against Noli L. De Castro. The case was dismissed on 18 January 2008 because protestant [Legarda] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines in June 2007. Hence, the protest became moot and academic.
Duration of protest: 3 years, 5 months and 24 days
• PET Case No. 004: for Vice President
Manuel A. Roxas vs. Jejomar C. Binay
On 9 July 2010, Manuel A. Roxas filed an election protest against Jejomar C. Binay. The case was dismissed on 16 August 16 2016 on the ground of mootness in view of the results of the May 2016 National and Local elections. The PET also stated “neither party expressed their interest to pursue the case despite being directed to do so.”
Duration of protest: 6 years and 7days
• PET Case No. 005: for Vice President
Ferdinand “Bongbong” R. Marcos, Jr.
vs. Maria Leonor “Leni Daang Matuwid” G. Robredo.
On 29 June 2016, BBM filed his election protest against Leni Robredo.
Duration of protest: ongoing
4. WHY DID WE LAUNCH THIS PROTEST WATCH?
To keep the Filipino electorate informed of the issues and latest developmentssurrounding BBM’s election protest.
5. WHAT ARE THE STEPS INVOLVED WHEN FILING AN ELECTION PROTEST FOR THE POSITION OF VICE PRESIDENT?
Under the PET Rules, there are essentially 21 steps or “undertakings” involved. The timeline of these 21 undertakings has been included in this Protest Watch so that the Filipino voters will know where we are at the moment and what needs to be done before BBM’s protest can be resolved.
In order to keep the public updated and informed, we have provided Weekly Updates, which are posted every Sunday. However, should there be any significant developments, the same will be posted immediately.
6. WHAT IS THE BASIS OF BBM’S ELECTION PROTEST?
At present, we have 2 grounds/causes of action :
• Judicial recount in 22 provinces* and 5 highly urbanized cities** (totaling 36,465 clustered precincts)
• Annulment of votes for the position of Vice President in the provinces of Basilan, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao
The first ground, which was the Tampering of the Automated Election System (AES) was dismissed by the PET on the ground of “judicial economy and for the prompt disposition of this case.”
7. HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE TO RESOLVE BBM’S ELECTION PROTEST?
No one can say. It is really up to the PET because they determine the pace at which the protest will proceed. We will continue to immediately comply with all the requirements of the PET to hasten the outcome of the election protest.
We have high hopes that the Tribunal will resolve this protest at the soonest possible time, for the Filipino people have the right to know who the duly elected Vice President of the Philippines really is.
* 22 provinces: Albay; Batangas; Bohol; Bukidnon; Camarines Sur; Cebu Province; Iloilo Province; Isabela; Leyte; Masbate; Misamis Occidental; Misamis Oriental; Negros Occidental; Negros Oriental; 2nd District of Northern Samar; Palawan; Pangasinan; Quezon Province; Western Samar; Zamboanga Del Norte; Zamboanga Del Sur; Zamboanga Sibugay;
** 5 highly urbanized cities: Bacolod City; Cebu City; Iloilo City; Lapu-Lapu City; Zamboanga City
I thank all of you who have supported me during my campaign and continue to support me now during my protest. Know that I will pursue this search for the truth until that truth is known to all.
– Bongbong Marcos