Frequently Asked Questions


What is an election protest?

It is a process by which a candidate presents evidence to prove that there were mistakes, anomalies and outright cheating in the conduct of elections. The deciding body will then issue a ruling for or against the protesting candidate.

Who decides the election protest?

It depends on the position you are contesting :

  • For President & Vice President
    • it is the Supreme Court, sitting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal [PET]
  • For Senators
    • it is the Senate Electoral Tribunal [SET],  which is composed of 9 members :
      3 Supreme Court Justices & 6 Senators
  • For provincial & city officials
    • it is the COMELEC en banc
  • For municipal officials
    • it is the Regional Trial Court [RTC] located in the area where the candidate ran

Is this the first time an election protest is filed with the PET?

No.  This is the 5th time.

The other election protests filed before the PET were :

  • PET Case No. 001: for President
    Miriam Defensor-Santiago vs. Fidel Valdez Ramos
    On February 13, 1996, the case was dismissed because the protestant [Defensor-Santiago] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines in June 1995. Hence, the protest became moot & academic.
  • PET Case No. 002: for President
    Ronald Allan Poe vs. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    On March 29, 2005, the case was dismissed because no real party-in-interest intervened and/or substituted Allan Poe [AKA Fernando Poe, Jr] when he passed away in December 2004.
  • PET Case No. 003: for Vice-President
    Loren B. Legarda vs. Noli L. De Castro
    On January 18, 2008, the case was dismissed because the protestant [Legarda] was subsequently elected and began assuming her duties as Senator of the Philippines in June 2007. Hence, the protest became moot & academic.
  • PET Case No. 004: for Vice-President
    Mar Roxas vs. Jejomar Binay
    On August 16, 2016, the case was dismissed because of the results of the recently concluded May 2016 elections. Hence, the protest became moot & academic. The PET also stated that “neither party expressed their interest to pursue the case despite being directed to do so.”
  • PET Case No. 005: for Vice-President
    Ferdinand “Bongbong” R. Marcos Jr vs.
    Maria Leonor “Leni Daang Matuwid” G. Robredo
    Marcos filed his election protest with the PET on June 29, 2016.

Why did we launch this Protest Watch?

To keep the Filipino electorate informed of the issues and latest developments surrounding BBM’s election protest.

What are the steps involved when filing an election protest for Vice-President?

Per the PET rules, there are essentially 21 steps or “undertakings” that need to be addressed before the High Tribunal can render its decision.

The timeline of the 21 undertakings has been included in this Protest Watch so the Filipino electorate will have an idea of where we’re at now and what else needs to be done before the case can be resolved.

In order to keep the public informed, we have provided weekly updates on the election protest. The weekly updates will be posted every Sunday. However, should there be any significant developments, the same will be posted immediately.

How long will it take to resolve BBM’s election protest?

No one can say. It’s really up to the Supreme Court / PET to determine the pace at which the protest will proceed. We have and will continue to comply with all the requirements of the High Tribunal at the soonest possible time, without resorting to delaying tactics.


I thank all of you who have supported me during my campaign and continue to support me now during my protest. Know that I will pursue this search for the truth until that truth is known to all.

– Bongbong Marcos


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